Various decentralized heat generation plants in combination with decentralized storage facilities and the integration of existing infrastructures (sewage treatment plant) form a virtual heating plant based on largely renewable energy sources (biomass, solar, waste heat from wastewater). The intelligent control solution and active spatial energy planning are further key elements of the model solution.

This approach can both save valuable energy and minimize annual operating costs. The simulation-based intelligent control approach (virtual heating plant) is being used for the first time in the heating network in Gleisdorf and has enormous potential for expansion due to its transferability to other heating supply systems.