Blockchain Grid

Based on blockchain technology, retrieval of flexible capacities in distribution grids.

©Green Energy Lab
©Green Energy Lab

This research project has been completed. Access the Final Report and the Profile of the project results.

New requirements for low-voltage distribution grids must be met due to the increasing number of renewable generation plants, but also due to the ongoing electrification of other sectors
(e.g. transportation, heating). This development is accompanied by a paradigm shift. It is already becoming apparent that the predictable consumption behavior of grid customers, which is the basis of today’s grid planning, can no longer be guaranteed. It is therefore necessary to move away from a purely primary infrastructure, which is designed to cover 100% of a worst-case scenario, towards a capacity-controlled infrastructure.

Blockchain Grid is able to turn the conventional approach of most congestion management strategies for distribution grids on its head. The project does not address the question of how to deal with congestion, but how to exploit the remaining free grid resources (time-variable power and voltage bands) for the benefit of prosumers and energy communities. It also enables the local use of locally generated electricity through use cases such as local peer-to-peer trading and the use of a community storage system.

This approach is enabled by combining blockchain and IoT technologies into a system that supports the future needs of grid customers and energy communities. The implementation of a distributed blockchain-based application should enable prosumers to share free grid resources for their surplus generation and load, with the distribution system operator acting as an intermediary.

The technical and organizational requirements for a distributed solution were analysed, in which grid customers can share free grid capacities and sell or store their surplus electricity from renewable energies locally. Another focus was on possible regulatory concepts and the challenge of creating a level playing field for all grid participants, as users are physically different depending on their location in the grid.

One part of the project was the design of a prototype blockchain-based solution, which was implemented in a real field test environment in the municipality of Heimschuh in the Austrian province of Styria.

Video about the project:

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More Information


Gregor Taljan
T: +43 664 6162717

Project key facts

01.11.2018 - 31.03.2021

funding program
Flagship region Energy

Project type
Cooperation project experimental development

Project budget
1.182.892 €

Project management

Energienetze Steiermark GmbH

The following model solutions are being developed in the Blockchain Grid project:


Media reports on the project

Blockchain grid in the fast lane

The increasing number of generators from renewable energy - for example, through own photovoltaic systems - and consumers, such as electric vehicles, are creating new challenges in low-voltage electrical grids.

To the article
Doing laundry with the neighbor's electricity

In future, people will be able to sell their own solar power in local energy communities. A practical test will start in Styria in November.

To the article
Green Energy Lab: Cleaner solar power, lower costs

A Styrian technology project is playing out the future of innovative electricity markets: more clean electricity that costs less - and could even prevent blackouts in the future.

To the article